Age Related Macular Degeneration

About Age Related Macular Degeneration

Age Related Macular Degeneration (MD) is a disease of the central part of the retina, the light sensitive tissue at the back of the eye. The retina processes all visual images. It is responsible for your ability to read, recognise faces, drive and see colours.

Macular Degeneration (MD) causes progressive loss of central vision but peripheral vision is not affected. There are two types of MD, dry and wet.
Dry MD is more common than wet and results in a gradual loss of central vision. Dry MD may progress to the wet form over time. Wet MD is characterised by a sudden and severe loss of vision caused by abnormal blood vessels growing under the retina. Immediate medical treatment of wet MD is essential if symptoms occur.


Treatment options depend on the type and stage of MD. Whilst there is presently no cure, early detection is vital to save sight. The earlier you seek treatment, the more likely you are to have a better visual outcome compared to those who wait.

There are a number of medical treatments available for wet MD. These treatments do not cure the disease but aim to stabilise vision and maintain the best vision for as long as possible. In some people, treatment can improve vision. Treatment options for wet MD should be discussed with an eye specialist.

Currently there are no medical treatments for dry MD. However, a considerable amount of research is being conducted to find a treatment.

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